The IIT JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) is one of the most competitive engineering entrance exams in India. It is divided into two parts: JEE Main and JEE Advanced. Hereβs a detailed syllabus for both:
JEE Main Syllabus 2024
Also check how to prepare for IIT JEE entrance exam 2024
Mathematics
 Sets, Relations, and Functions:
 Sets and their representation
 Union, intersection, and complements of sets
 Algebra of sets
 Relations, equivalence relations
 Functions, oneone, into and onto functions, the composition of functions
 Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations:
 Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals
 Representation of complex numbers in the form $a+ib$ and their representation in a plane
 Argand diagram
 Algebra of complex numbers

 Modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number
 Square root of a complex number
 Triangle inequality
 Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions
 Relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots
 Matrices and Determinants:
 Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three
 Determinants and matrices of order two and three
 Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants
 Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations
 Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices
 Permutations and Combinations:
 Fundamental principle of counting
 Permutation as an arrangement and combination as a selection
 Meaning of $P(n,r)$ and $C(n,r)$
 Simple applications
 Mathematical Induction:
 Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications
 Binomial Theorem and its Simple Applications:
 Binomial theorem for a positive integral index
 General and middle terms in binomial expansion
 Simple applications
 Sequences and Series:
 Arithmetic and geometric progressions
 Insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers
 Relation between A.M. and G.M.
 Sum up to n terms of special series: $βn$, $βn_{2}$, $βn_{3}$
 Arithmeticgeometric progression
 Limit, Continuity, and Differentiability:
 Realvalued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions
 Inverse functions
 Limits, continuity, and differentiability
 Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of functions
 Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite, and implicit functions
 Derivatives of order up to two
 Applications of derivatives: rate of change of quantities, monotonicincreasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals
 Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems
 Integral Calculus:
 Integral as an antiderivative
 Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions
 Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions
 Integration using trigonometric identities
 Definite integrals as a limit of a sum, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Basic properties of definite integrals, and evaluation of definite integrals
 Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, areas of circles/parabolas/ellipses (in standard form) using definite integrals
 Area between two curves
 Differential Equations:
 Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree
 Formation of differential equations
 Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables
 Solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations
 Coordinate Geometry:
 Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus, and its equation
 Translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes
 Straight lines: various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines
 Distance of a point from a line
 Equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of the centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines
 Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equations of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius, and centre
 Equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given
 Points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to the circle
 Length of the tangent
 Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms
 Conditions for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point(s) of tangency
 Three Dimensional Geometry:
 Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points
 Section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines
 Angle between two intersecting lines
 Skew lines, the shortest distance between them, and its equation
 Equations of a line and a plane in different forms
 Intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines
 Vector Algebra:
 Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and threedimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product
 Statistics and Probability:
 Measures of Dispersion: calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data, calculation of standard deviation, variance, and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data
 Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Bayes Theorem, probability distribution of a random variable, binomial and Poisson distributions, and their properties
 Trigonometry:
 Trigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs
 Addition and subtraction formulae, multiple and submultiple angles
 General solution of trigonometric equations
 Properties of triangles, including centroids, incenters, circumcentres, and orthocentres
 Solution of triangles, Heights and Distances
 Physics and Measurement:
 Physical quantities and their measurements
 Units and dimensions, Dimensional analysis, least count, significant figures
 Methods of measurement, Vernier calipers, screw gauge, and the measurement of time and mass
 Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments
 Errors in measurement, systematic and random errors, propagation of errors
 Absolute and relative errors
 Kinematics:
 Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line, positiontime graph, speed and velocity
 Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity
 Uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime, positiontime graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion
 Scalar and vector quantities
 Vector addition and subtraction, relative velocity, scalar and vector products, resolution of vectors
 Laws of Motion:
 Force and Inertia, Newtonβs First Law of Motion, momentum, Newtonβs Second Law of Motion, impulse
 Newtonβs Third Law of Motion, Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications
 Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction
 Dynamics of uniform circular motion, Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road)
 Work, Energy, and Power:
 Work done by a constant force and a variable force, kinetic and potential energies, workenergy theorem, power
 Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies), conservative and nonconservative forces, Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions
 Rotational Motion:
 Centre of mass of a twoparticle system, momentum conservation, and centre of mass motion
 Centre of mass of a rigid body, General motion of a rigid body, nature of rotational motion, torque, and angular momentum, Conservation of angular momentum and its applications
 Moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of rigid bodies of simple geometrical shapes, circular motion, rolling motion, Kinetic energy of rolling motion
 Gravitation:
 Keplerβs laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation
 Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
 Gravitational potential energy, gravitational potential, escape velocity
 Orbital velocity of a satellite, Geostationary satellites
 Properties of Solids and Liquids:
 Elastic behavior, Stressstrain relationship, Hookeβs Law, Youngβs modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity
 Pressure due to a fluid column, Pascalβs law and its applications, Effect of gravity on fluid pressure
 Viscosity, Stokesβ law, terminal velocity, Streamline and turbulent flow, Critical velocity, Bernoulliβs theorem and its applications
 Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension, drops, and bubbles
 Capillary rise, heat transmission through convection, conduction, and radiation
 Thermodynamics:
 Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics)
 Heat, work, and internal energy
 First law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes
 Second law of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible processes
 Carnot engine and its efficiency
 Kinetic Theory of Gases:
 Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas
 Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure
 Kinetic energy and temperature, degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases, mean free path, Avogadroβs number
 Oscillations and Waves:
 Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions, Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation, phase, oscillations of a spring – restoring force and force constant
 Energy in SHM – kinetic and potential energies, Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
 Free, forced, and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance
 Wave motion, Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect
 Electrostatics:
 Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulombβs law – force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
 Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
 Electric flux, Gaussβs law and its applications to find the field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
 Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole, system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field
 Conductors and insulators, Free charges and bound charges inside a conductor, Dielectrics and electric polarization, Capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor
 Van de Graaff generator
 Current Electricity:
 Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohmβs law, electrical resistance, VI characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity
 Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors, series and parallel combinations of resistors, Temperature dependence of resistance
 Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
 Kirchhoffβs laws and their applications, Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
 Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell
 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism:
 Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop
 Ampereβs law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids
 Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields
 Cyclotron
 Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
 Force between two parallel currentcarrying conductors – definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field, Moving coil galvanometer – its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter
 Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron
 Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis, Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, Magnetic field lines; Earthβs magnetic field and magnetic elements
 Para, dia and ferro – magnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths, permanent magnets
 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents:
 Electromagnetic induction; Faradayβs law, induced emf and current; Lenzβs Law, Eddy currents
 Self and mutual inductance
 Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current
 AC generator and transformer
 Electromagnetic Waves:
 Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves
 Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses
 Optics:
 Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; lens formula, magnification, power of a lens; combination of thin lenses in contact; Microscope and astronomical telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers
 Wave optics: wavefront and Huygensβs principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Youngβs double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum
 Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, planepolarised light; Brewsterβs law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids
 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation:
 Dual nature of radiation and matter, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenardβs observations; Einsteinβs photoelectric equation – particle nature of light
 Matter waves – wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation, DavissonGermer experiment
 Atoms and Nuclei:
 Alpha – particle scattering experiments; Rutherfordβs model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
 Composition and size of the nucleus; atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones
 Radioactivity – alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law, halflife and mean life of radioactivity; Massenergy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; Nuclear fission and fusion
 Electronic Devices:
 Energy band in solids – conductors, insulators and semiconductors; Semiconductor diode – IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias; Diode as a rectifier; IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator
 Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor, transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator
 Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR); Transistor as a switch
 Communication Systems:
 Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV, and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium; Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, Sky and space wave propagation; Satellite communication
 Need for modulation, amplitude modulation and frequency modulation, advantages of frequency modulation over amplitude modulation
 Basic ideas about internet, mobile telephony, and global positioning system (GPS)
Chemistry
 Physical Chemistry:
 Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry:
 Matter and its nature, Daltonβs atomic theory, the concept of an atom, molecule, element, and compound
 Laws of chemical combination, Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical stoichiometry, and calculations based on stoichiometry
 States of Matter:
 Classification of matter into solid, liquid, and gaseous states
 Gaseous state: Measurable properties of gases; Boyleβs law, Charlesβs law, Grahamβs law of diffusion, Avogadroβs law, Daltonβs law of partial pressure, Ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square, and most probable velocities, Real gases, deviation from ideal behavior, compressibility factor, van der Waals equation
 Liquid state: Properties of liquids – vapor pressure, viscosity, and surface tension and qualitative understanding of these
 Solid state: Classification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, and angles Ξ±, Ξ², Ξ³), close packed structure, (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc, and hcp lattices, packing efficiency, calculations involving unit cell parameters, voids (octahedral and tetrahedral), number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects
 Atomic Structure:
 Discovery of subatomic particles (electron, proton, and neutron), Rutherfordβs model, Bohrβs model, postulates and limitations of Bohrβs model, photoelectric effect, dual nature of radiation and matter, DeBroglieβs relationship, Heisenbergβs uncertainty principle, atomic orbitals, SchrΓΆdinger wave equation, significance of Ο and Ο2, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, Aufbau and Pauli exclusion principles, Hundβs rule, electronic configurations of elements, atomic spectra
 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure:
 Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, Ionic bonds, ionic bonding, BornHaber cycle, Covalent bond – Lewis structure, VSEPR theory, molecular shape (geometry), Valence bond theory, hybridization (sp, sp2, sp3, sp3d, sp3d2), concept of resonance
 Molecular orbital theory – LCAO method, bonding and antibonding molecular orbitals, MO energy levels (diatomic molecules), electronic configuration of homonuclear diatomic species (H2, N2, O2, F2), bond length, bond order, and bond energy
 Hydrogen bond
 Chemical Thermodynamics:
 First law of thermodynamics, internal energy, enthalpy, heat capacity, work and heat calculations in thermodynamic processes
 Enthalpy change and its measurement, Hessβs law, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution, and dilution
 Second law of thermodynamics, entropy, free energy, criteria for spontaneity
 Solutions:
 Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions
 Raoultβs law, colligative properties, relative lowering of vapor pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular mass using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Vanβt Hoff factor
 Equilibrium:
 Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelierβs principle
 Ionic equilibrium – ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, Henderson equation, Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, solubility product, the common ion effect (with illustrative examples)
 Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry:
 Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions
 Electrochemical cells, electrolytic and galvanic cells, Electrolysis, Faradayβs laws of electrolysis, electrolytic conductance, specific and molar conductance, Kohlrauschβs law and its applications, Electrochemical cells, EMF of a galvanic cell, Nernst equation, energy and free energy changes of cell reactions, the relation between cell potential and Gibbs energy change, dry cell, lead accumulator, fuel cells, corrosion and its prevention
 Chemical Kinetics:
 Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst
 Elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant, first order reactions, halflife of a firstorder reaction, determination of rate constant of first order reactions
 Collision theory of chemical reaction rates
 Surface Chemistry:
 Adsorption – Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis, homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis, colloidal state – distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular, and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsions – types of emulsions
 Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry:
 Inorganic Chemistry:
 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties:
 Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements – atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence
 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals:
 Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores
 Steps involved in the extraction of metals – concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods), and refining with specific reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe
 Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals
 Hydrogen:
 Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen
 Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water
 Hydrogen peroxide – preparation, reactions, uses, and structure; Hydrogen as a fuel
 S – Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals):
 Group – 1 and 2 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship
 Preparation and properties of some important compounds: Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydrogen carbonate; industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement; Biological significance of Na, K, Mg, and Ca
 P – Block Elements:
 Group – 13 to Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties
 Groupwise study of the p – block elements
 Group – 13: Preparation, properties, and uses of Boron and Aluminium; Reaction of Aluminium with acids and alkalis
 Group – 14: Carbon – catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties, uses of some important compounds: oxides
 Important compounds of Silicon and a few uses: Silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates, and zeolites, their uses
 Group – 15: Properties and uses of Nitrogen and Phosphorus; Allotropic forms of Phosphorus; Properties and uses of ammonia and nitric acid; Structures of oxides and oxoacids of Nitrogen and Phosphorus
 Group – 16: Properties and uses of Oxygen and Sulphur; Allotropic forms of Sulphur; Properties and uses of oxides and oxoacids of Sulphur
 Group – 17: Properties and uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens
 Group – 18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon
 d – and f – Block Elements:
 General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the firstrow transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation
 Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4
 Lanthanides – electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanide contraction
 Actinides – electronic configuration, oxidation states
 Coordination Compounds:
 Coordination compounds – Introduction, Wernerβs theory, ligands, and coordination number, IUPAC nomenclature of coordination compounds, isomerism, Bonding – Valence Bond Approach and basics of Crystal Field Theory, colour, magnetic properties and stability of coordination compounds, importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals, and biological systems)
 Environmental Chemistry:
 Environmental pollution – atmospheric, water, and soil
 Atmospheric pollution – Tropospheric and Stratospheric
 Tropospheric pollutants – Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention
 Stratospheric pollution – Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer – its mechanism and effects
 Water Pollution – Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention
 Soil pollution – Major pollutants such as pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides), their harmful effects, and prevention
 Strategies to control environmental pollution
 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties:
 Organic Chemistry:
 Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds:
 Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography – principles and their applications
 Qualitative analysis – Detection of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, and phosphorus
 Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) – Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, and phosphorus; Determination of molecular mass: Silver salt method, Chloroplatinate salt method; Calculation of empirical and molecular formula
 Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry:
 Tetravalency of carbon; shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: C = C, C β‘ C, OH, X, CHO, >C = O, COOH, COOR, CN, NH2, NO2, R; Homologous series; Isomerism – Structural and stereoisomerism
 Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)
 Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and Heterolytic; free radicals, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, electronic displacement in a covalent bond – inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation
 Common types of organic reactions – substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement
 Hydrocarbons:
 Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism (structural and conformations – Sawhorse and Newman projections), physical properties, methods of preparation (with special reference to Wurtz reaction, Kolbeβs synthesis, and decarboxylation of carboxylic acids), chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion, and pyrolysis
 Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation (with special reference to dehalogenation of dihalides, dehydrohalogenation of monohalides, and dehydration of alcohols), chemical reactions: Addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikovβs and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, and oxidation (Baeyerβs reagent and alkaline KMnO4)
 Alkynes – Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation (with special reference to dehalogenation of tetrahalides and dehydrohalogenation of dihalides), chemical reactions: Acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides, and water
 Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene: Resonance, aromaticity; Chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution – nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craftβs alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene; Carcinogenicity and toxicity
 Organic Compounds Containing Halogens:
 General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of C – X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions
 Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform & iodoform.
 Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen:
 Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration
 Aldehyde & Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C = O group, relative reactivity of aldehydes and ketones; important reactions such as Nucleophilic addition, Grignard addition, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
 Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: Halogenation, Nitration, and Sulphonation
 Carboxylic Acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.
 Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen:
 Preparation, properties, and uses of nitro compounds, amines, and diazonium salts: Amines – structure and nomenclature, classification into primary, secondary, and tertiary amines, preparation, identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines; Carbylamine test; Diazonium salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry
 Polymers:
 General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization – addition and condensation, copolymerization
 Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization
 Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses – Polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite
 Biomolecules:
 General introduction and importance of biomolecules
 Proteins – Elementary Idea of Ξ± – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes
 Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance
 Nucleic acids: Chemical constitution of DNA & RNA, Biological functions of nucleic acids
 Vitamins: Classification and functions
 Chemistry in Everyday Life:
 Chemical substances in daily use: soaps, detergents, cleansing action
 Polymers in daily use
 Chemicals in food: preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, antioxidants
 Drugs – common drugs and their uses, analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, antibiotics, antacids, etc.
 Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds:
Mathematics
 Algebra:
 Sets, relations, and functions
 Complex numbers, linear inequalities, linear programming
 Sequences and series, Permutations and Combinations, Binomial Theorem
 Matrices and determinants
 Trigonometry:
 Trigonometric functions, equations, and inequalities
 Inverse trigonometric functions
 Analytical Geometry:
 Cartesian and polar coordinates, Lines, and family of lines
 Circles, conic sections – Parabola, Ellipse, Hyperbola
 Threedimensional geometry
 Vectors:
 Vector algebra
 Vector geometry
 Differential Calculus:
 Functions, limits, continuity, and differentiability
 Differentiation, application of derivatives
 Integral Calculus:
 Integration, definite integrals
 Application of integrals
 Differential Equations:
 Ordinary differential equations
 Probability and Statistics:
 Probability theory, random variables, and distributions
 Descriptive statistics
 Linear Algebra:
 Vector spaces and linear transformations
 Inner product spaces and orthogonality
Question and Answers
Q: What topics are covered in the Mechanics section? A: The Mechanics section covers:
 Kinematics
 Laws of Motion
 Work, Energy and Power
 Rotational Motion
 Gravitation
 Properties of Solids and Liquids
 Fluid Mechanics
 Oscillations and Waves
Q: Are there any changes in the syllabus for Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics? A: As of the latest update, the topics for Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics remain the same:
 Thermal Properties of Matter
 Thermodynamics
 Kinetic Theory of Gases
Q: What are the important topics in Electromagnetism? A: Key topics include:
 Electrostatics
 Current Electricity
 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
 Electromagnetic Waves
Q: What are the main areas covered under Physical Chemistry? A: Physical Chemistry covers:
 Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
 States of Matter
 Atomic Structure
 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
 Chemical Thermodynamics
 Solutions
 Equilibrium
 Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
 Chemical Kinetics
 Surface Chemistry
Q: Which topics are included in Inorganic Chemistry? A: Inorganic Chemistry includes:
 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals
 Hydrogen
 sBlock Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)
 pBlock Elements
 d and fBlock Elements
 Coordination Compounds
 Environmental Chemistry
Q: Are there any specific areas to focus on in Organic Chemistry? A: Important topics in Organic Chemistry include:
 Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry
 Hydrocarbons
 Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
 Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen
 Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
 Polymers
 Biomolecules
 Chemistry in Everyday Life
 Principles Related to Practical Chemistry
Q: What are the core topics in Algebra? A: Core topics in Algebra include:
 Sets, Relations, and Functions
 Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
 Matrices and Determinants
 Permutations and Combinations
 Mathematical Induction
 Binomial Theorem and its Simple Applications
 Sequences and Series
 Limit, Continuity, and Differentiability
Q: What should I study in Calculus? A: In Calculus, you should study:
 Integral Calculus
 Differential Calculus
 Application of Derivatives
 Application of Integrals
 Differential Equations
Q: Which topics are covered in Coordinate Geometry? A: Coordinate Geometry covers:
 Cartesian Coordinate System
 Straight Lines
 Circles
 Conic Sections (Parabola, Ellipse, and Hyperbola)
Q: Is Vector Algebra part of the syllabus? A: Yes, Vector Algebra is part of the syllabus and includes:
 Vectors and Scalars
 Addition of Vectors
 Scalar and Vector Products
 Vector Equations of Lines and Planes
Q: What topics are included in Trigonometry? A: Trigonometry includes:
 Trigonometric Functions
 Inverse Trigonometric Functions
 Properties of Triangles
 Height and Distance
Q: How frequently does the syllabus change? A: The syllabus for the IIT JEE Entrance Exam typically remains consistent year to year, with minor updates and clarifications. It is always advisable to check the official JEE website for the most current syllabus.
Q: Are there any specific books recommended for IIT JEE preparation? A: Some recommended books include:
 Physics: “Concepts of Physics” by H.C. Verma, “Fundamentals of Physics” by Halliday, Resnick and Walker
 Chemistry: “Organic Chemistry” by Morrison and Boyd, “Concise Inorganic Chemistry” by J.D. Lee, “Physical Chemistry” by P. Bahadur
 Mathematics: “IIT Mathematics” by M.L. Khanna, “Problems in Calculus of One Variable” by I.A. Maron, “Higher Algebra” by Hall and Knight
Q: Is there a particular emphasis on any section of the syllabus? A: All sections of the syllabus are important, but typically, problemsolving and understanding of concepts are given more emphasis. It is crucial to have a wellrounded preparation covering all topics thoroughly.