The SSLC (Secondary School Leaving Certificate) Exam 2021 was an important milestone for students in the 10th grade. This article provides a comprehensive set of questions and answers for all major subjects, helping students prepare effectively. Each subject has been covered with a variety of question types, ensuring a balanced preparation.

**SSLC 2021 English Questions and Answers**

**Question:** What is the central theme of the poem “The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost?

**Answer:** The poem discusses the theme of choices and their consequences, emphasizing how decisions shape our lives.

**Question:** Explain the character of Shylock in Shakespeare’s “The Merchant of Venice.”

**Answer:** Shylock is a Jewish moneylender portrayed as both a villain and a victim. His strong desire for revenge is driven by the mistreatment he has faced.

**Question:** What is the difference between a simile and a metaphor?

**Answer:** A simile compares two things using “like” or “as,” while a metaphor directly states a comparison without these words.

**Question:** Summarize the story of “The Last Leaf” by O. Henry.

**Answer:** “The Last Leaf” is about hope and sacrifice. An artist paints a leaf on a wall to give hope to a dying girl, ultimately saving her life but sacrificing his own.

**Question:** What is the significance of the title “The Diary of a Young Girl” by Anne Frank?

**Answer:** The title reflects the personal and historical significance of Anne Frank’s writings, which provide insight into her experiences during the Holocaust.

**Question:** Define the term “theme” in literature.

**Answer:** A theme is the underlying message or central idea that the author explores through the story.

**Question:** What is a synonym for the word “benevolent”?

**Answer:** A synonym for “benevolent” is “kind.”

**Question:** Describe the plot of “A Christmas Carol” by Charles Dickens.

**Answer:** The story follows Ebenezer Scrooge, a miserly man who learns the value of generosity and compassion through visits from three spirits.

**Question:** What is the main conflict in “Macbeth” by William Shakespeare?

**Answer:** The main conflict in “Macbeth” is between Macbeth’s ambition to become king and his moral conscience.

**Question:** How does the character of Pip evolve in Charles Dickens’ “Great Expectations”?

**Answer:** Pip starts as an innocent, kind-hearted boy but becomes snobbish and ambitious before eventually maturing and learning the value of loyalty and humility.

**Question:** What are the key elements of a short story?

**Answer:** The key elements of a short story are character, setting, plot, conflict, and theme.

**Question:** How is irony used in “The Gift of the Magi” by O. Henry?

**Answer:** Irony is used when the characters sacrifice their most valued possessions to buy gifts for each other, only to find that the gifts are now useless.

**Question:** What is the role of the narrator in a story?

**Answer:** The narrator tells the story and provides the reader with insights into the characters’ thoughts and feelings.

**Question:** Define “imagery” in literature.

**Answer:** Imagery refers to descriptive language that appeals to the senses, helping to create vivid pictures in the reader’s mind.

**Question:** Explain the term “foreshadowing.”

**Answer:** Foreshadowing is a literary device in which the author gives hints or clues about what will happen later in the story.

**Question:** What is the rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet?

**Answer:** The rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet is ABABCDCDEFEFGG.

**Question:** What is the moral lesson of “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant?

**Answer:** The moral lesson is that honesty and contentment are more valuable than material possessions, as shown by the consequences of the characters’ pride and dishonesty.

**Question:** How does the setting influence the mood of a story?

**Answer:** The setting can influence the mood by creating an atmosphere that reflects the emotions of the characters or the themes of the story.

**Question:** What is personification in literature?

**Answer:** Personification is a literary device where human qualities are given to non-human things, such as animals, objects, or abstract ideas.

**Question:** How does symbolism enhance a story?

**Answer:** Symbolism enhances a story by giving deeper meaning to objects, characters, or events, allowing the author to convey complex ideas in a subtle way.

**SSLC 2021 Mathematics Questions and Answers**

**Question:** What is the quadratic formula?

**Answer:** The quadratic formula is used to solve quadratic equations and is given by x = (-b ± √(b² – 4ac)) / 2a.

**Question:** Define a polynomial.

**Answer:** A polynomial is a mathematical expression consisting of variables, coefficients, and exponents, combined using addition, subtraction, and multiplication.

**Question:** What is the Pythagorean theorem?

**Answer:** The Pythagorean theorem states that in a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.

**Question:** What is the area of a circle?

**Answer:** The area of a circle is given by the formula A = πr², where r is the radius.

**Question:** How do you find the slope of a line?

**Answer:** The slope of a line is found using the formula (y₂ – y₁) / (x₂ – x₁), where (x₁, y₁) and (x₂, y₂) are two points on the line.

**Question:** What is the difference between a rational and an irrational number?

**Answer:** A rational number can be expressed as a fraction, while an irrational number cannot be written as a simple fraction.

**Question:** What is the formula for the perimeter of a rectangle?

**Answer:** The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P = 2(l + w), where l is the length and w is the width.

**Question:** Define the term “factorization.”

**Answer:** Factorization is the process of breaking down a number or expression into its constituent factors.

**Question:** What is a linear equation?

**Answer:** A linear equation is an equation that represents a straight line and has the general form ax + by = c.

**Question:** How do you calculate the volume of a cylinder?

**Answer:** The volume of a cylinder is calculated using the formula V = πr²h, where r is the radius and h is the height.

**Question:** What is the difference between mean and median?

**Answer:** The mean is the average of a set of numbers, while the median is the middle number when the set is arranged in ascending order.

**Question:** What is a coordinate plane?

**Answer:** A coordinate plane is a two-dimensional plane formed by the intersection of a horizontal axis (x-axis) and a vertical axis (y-axis).

**Question:** How do you solve a system of linear equations?

**Answer:** A system of linear equations can be solved using methods like substitution, elimination, or graphing.

**Question:** What is the distributive property?

**Answer:** The distributive property states that a(b + c) = ab + ac, meaning you multiply the outside term by each term inside the parentheses.

**Question:** Define a prime number.

**Answer:** A prime number is a number greater than 1 that has no divisors other than 1 and itself.

**Question:** What is the circumference of a circle?

**Answer:** The circumference of a circle is given by the formula C = 2πr, where r is the radius.

**Question:** What is a function in mathematics?

**Answer:** A function is a relation in which each input (independent variable) has exactly one output (dependent variable).

**Question:** Explain the term “absolute value.”

**Answer:** Absolute value refers to the distance of a number from zero on the number line, always expressed as a non-negative value.

**Question:** What is the formula for the surface area of a sphere?

**Answer:** The formula for the surface area of a sphere is A = 4πr², where r is the radius.

**Question:** How do you calculate the probability of an event?

**Answer:** The probability of an event is calculated by dividing the number of favorable outcomes by the total number of possible outcomes.

**SSLC 2021 Science Questions and Answers**

**Question:** What is photosynthesis?

**Answer:** Photosynthesis is the process by which green plants use sunlight to synthesize food from carbon dioxide and water, releasing oxygen as a byproduct.

**Question:** What is Newton’s third law of motion?

**Answer:** Newton’s third law of motion states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

**Question:** Define an element in chemistry.

**Answer:** An element is a pure substance made up of only one type of atom and cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means.

**Question:** What is the function of the heart in the human body?

**Answer:** The heart pumps blood throughout the body, supplying oxygen and nutrients to tissues and removing carbon dioxide and other wastes.

**Question:** Explain the process of evaporation.

**Answer:** Evaporation is the process by which a liquid turns into a gas due to an increase in temperature or pressure.

**Question:** What is the formula for water?

**Answer:** The chemical formula for water is H₂O, consisting of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.

**Question:** How does a prism refract light?

**Answer:** A prism refracts light by bending it as it passes through the prism, separating it into its component colors (spectrum).

**Question:** What is an ecosystem?

**Answer:** An ecosystem is a community of living organisms interacting with each other and their physical environment.

**Question:** What are the three states of matter?

**Answer:** The three states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas.

**Question:** What is the atomic number of carbon?

**Answer:** The atomic number of carbon is 6.

**Question:** Define velocity.

**Answer:** Velocity is the speed of an object in a specific direction.

**Question:** What is the function of the chloroplast in plant cells?

**Answer:** The chloroplast is responsible for photosynthesis, converting light energy into chemical energy in plants.

**Question:** What is the law of conservation of mass?

**Answer:** The law of conservation of mass states that mass cannot be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction.

**Question:** How does a battery generate electricity?

**Answer:** A battery generates electricity through a chemical reaction between the electrolyte and the electrodes, which creates a flow of electrons.

**Question:** What is the main function of the lungs in the human body?

**Answer:** The lungs are responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air and the bloodstream.

**Question:** Define the term “acid” in chemistry.

**Answer:** An acid is a substance that releases hydrogen ions (H⁺) when dissolved in water, often having a sour taste and the ability to turn blue litmus paper red.

**Question:** What is a chemical reaction?

**Answer:** A chemical reaction is a process in which substances interact to form new substances with different properties.

**Question:** What is the unit of electric current?

**Answer:** The unit of electric current is the ampere (A).

**Question:** How does the circulatory system work?

**Answer:** The circulatory system transports blood, nutrients, and gases throughout the body, powered by the heart and regulated by blood vessels.

**Question:** What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis?

**Answer:** Mitosis is the process of cell division that results in two identical daughter cells, while meiosis produces four genetically different cells, each with half the number of chromosomes.

**Ending Paragraph Summary**

The SSLC Exam 2021 covered a wide range of subjects, testing students’ knowledge across different fields. This set of questions and answers aims to provide a solid foundation for revision in subjects like English, Mathematics, and Science, helping students succeed in their exams.

**What was Important in SSLC Exam 2021**

The **SSLC exam** (Secondary School Leaving Certificate) is a key academic milestone for students in India, particularly in states like Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. The 2021 SSLC exam was conducted under special circumstances due to the **COVID-19 pandemic**, which introduced unique challenges and changes in the exam process. Here are some of the important aspects of the **2021 SSLC exam**:

1. **COVID-19 Impact and Safety Measures**:

- The pandemic led to delays and uncertainty regarding the exam schedule.
- Safety protocols, including
**social distancing, wearing masks, and sanitization**, were strictly enforced in examination centers. - The number of students per classroom was reduced to ensure physical distancing.

2. **Exam Pattern and Syllabus Changes**:

- In some states like
**Karnataka**, the**exam pattern**was modified to a**multiple-choice question (MCQ)**format to reduce stress on students and minimize time spent in the exam hall. - The
**syllabus**was reduced to accommodate the disruptions in classroom learning due to lockdowns and remote learning challenges.

3. **Special Provisions**:

- Some states provided
**extra time**for students to prepare due to the interruptions in regular schooling. **Online learning platforms**and resources were made available to students who faced challenges in attending physical classes.

4. **Result Evaluation and Promotion Criteria**:

- Given the extraordinary situation, the
**evaluation process**was more lenient in certain states, with some students promoted based on**internal assessments**and**previous academic performance**. - In Kerala, for instance, the SSLC exam was held as usual, but the evaluation process took into account the disruptions caused by the pandemic.

5. **Mental Health Support**:

- Many education boards and schools provided
**counseling services**to help students deal with the stress and anxiety related to the pandemic and the exams.

The **2021 SSLC exam** stood out as a significant test of resilience for students, teachers, and administrators, given the unique challenges presented by the pandemic.

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